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Academics: School of Education

Biology Education

The goal of the Biology Education program is to prepare teachers who will be able to take science skills learned in the Chowan classroom into a 9th -12th grade classroom of their own.

Chowan provides hands-on experience in the biological sciences. Students will have an understanding of the fundamental biological concepts, theories, and phenomena. Chowan also prepares students to be competent in selected techniques and equipment commonly used in field and laboratory settings. Students who graduate from Chowan’s Biology Education program will be eligible to apply for licensure to teach Biology and be proficient in analytical, critical and creative thinking, and have proficiency in core communication skills.

Amy R. Wethington

Amy R. Wethington
Associate Professor of Biology

Phone: (252) 398-6216

Google Scholar

"I find the students here very enthusiastic and I enjoy getting to know them and helping them discover their strengths and talents. One of Chowan University's many assets is its proximity to numerous pristine freshwater and marine ecosystems that offer excellent opportunities for our students."

Ph.D., Biological Sciences,University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa
M.A., Evolutionary Ecology and Behavior, Indiana University
M.S., Marine Biology, University of Charleston
B.S., Biology, College of Charleston
B.S., Biochemistry, Clemson University

Before coming to work as an Assistant Professor at Chowan University, Dr. Wethington completed a Post Doctorate at Purdue University in Indiana. She also currently serves as a Research Associate at the Carnegie Museum of Natural History.

Courses Taught:

  • Microbiology
  • Animal Behavior
  • Invertebrate Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Directed Research
  • General Biology  


Wethington, A. R., J. Wise, and R. T. Dillon, Jr. 2009. Genetic and morphological characterization of the Physidae of South Carolina (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Basommatophora), with description of a new species. The Nautilus 124(4):282-292.

Sandland, Gregory J., Amy R. Wethington, Alice V. Foster, and Dennis J. Minchella. 2009. Effects of host genetic variation on the interaction between an aquatic snail and its locally adapted parasite. Parasitology Research 105: 553-561.

Rogers, D. Christopher and Amy R. Wethington. 2007. Physa natricina Taylor 1988, junior synonym of Physa acuta Draparnaud, 1805 (Pulmonata: Physidae). Zootaxa 1662: 45-51. >Click to View

Wethington, Amy R. and Charles Lydeard. 2007. A molecular phylogeny of Physidae (Gastropoda: Basommatophora) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences. Journal of Molluscan Studies doi: 10.1093/mollus/eym021. >Click to View

Dillon, Robert T., Jr., John D. Robinson, and Amy R. Wethington. 2007. Empirical estimates of reproductive isolation among the freshwater pulmonate snails Physa acuta, P. pomilia, and P. hendersoni. Malacologia 49(2):283-292. >Click to View

Wethington, A.R., M. Zavodna, M.K. Smith, G. Oliverira, F. Lewis, and D.J. Minchella. 2007. Population genetic structure of Biomphalaria glabrata in a schistosomiasis-endemic region in Brazil. Journal of Molluscan Studies 73:45-52. >Click to View

Dillon, R. T., and A. R. Wethington. 2006. No-choice mating experiments among six nominal taxa of the subgenus Physella (Basommatophora: Physidae). Heldia 6: 41 - 50. >Click to View

Dillon, R.T., Jr. and A.R. Wethington. 2005. The Michigan Physidae revisited: a population genetic survey. Malacologia 48(1-2): 133-142. >Click to View

Dillon, R.T., Jr., J.D. Robinson, T.P. Smith, and A.R. Wethington. 2005. No reproductive isolation between freshwater pulmonate snails Physa virgata and P. acuta. Southwestern Naturalist 50(4):415-422.

Wethington, A.R. and R. Guralnick. 2004. Are hot-spring physids distinctive lineages? A molecular systematic perspective. American Malacological Bulletin 19:135-144.

Dillon, R.T., Jr. and A. R. Wethington. 2004. No-choice mating experiments among six nominal taxa of the subgenus Physella (Basommatorphora: Physidae). Heldia 6:1-9.

Dillon, R. T., Jr., A. R. Wethington, J. M. Rhett, and T. P. Smith. 2002. Populations of the European freshwater pulmonate Physa acuta are not reproductively isolated from American Physa heterostropha or Physa integra. Invertebrate Biology 121(3): 226-234.

Wethington, A.R., E.R. Eastman, and R.T. Dillon, Jr. 2000. No premating reproductive isolation among populations of a simultaneous hermaphrodite, the freshwater snail Physa. Pages: 245-251 in Freshwater Mollusk Proceedings - Part II: Proceedings of the first Freshwater Mollusk Conservation Society Symposium, March 1999. P.D. Johnson and R.S. Butler editors. Ohio Biological Society, Columbus, Ohio.

Wethington, A.R. and R.T. Dillon, Jr. 1997. Selfing, outcrossing, and mixed mating in the freshwater snail Physa heterostropha: lifetime fitness and inbreeding depression. Invertebrate Biology 116(3):192-199. >Click to View

Wethington, A.R. and R.T. Dillon, Jr. 1996. Gender choice and gender conflict in a non-reciprocally mating simultaneous hermaphrodite, the freshwater snail, Physa. Animal Behaviour 51:1107-1118. >Click to View

Dillon, R.T., Jr. and A.R. Wethington. 1995. The biogeography of sea islands: clues from the population genetics of the freshwater snail, Physa heterostropha. Systematic Biology 44:400-408. >Click to View

Dillon, R. T. Jr. and A.R. Wethington. 1994. Inheritance at five loci in the freshwater snail, Physa heterostropha. Biochemical Genetics 32(3/4):75-82.

Wethington, A.R. and R.T. Dillon, Jr. 1993. Reproductive development in the hermaphroditic freshwater snail, Physa, monitored with complementing albino lines. Proceedings of the Royal Society (London) B 252:109-114. >Click to View

Dillon, R.T. Jr. and A.R. Wethington. 1992. The inheritance of albinism in a freshwater snail, Physa heterostropha. Journal of Heredity 83(3):208-210.

Wethington, A.R. and R.T. Dillon, Jr. 1991. Sperm storage and evidence for multiple insemination in a natural population of the freshwater snail, Physa. American Malacologicial Bulletin 9:99-102.

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